The U.S had 44 presidents since 1789 when George Washington began his term as the first President of the nation under the current Constitution (Yergin and Joseph 250). Each of the presidents had similar and unique characteristics that were evident during their leadership. Among them were Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Ronald Wilson Reagan.
Both Roosevelt and Reagan were presidents of the United States who had many similar roots. During their childhood, they were raised by their mothers. Roosevelt came from a poor background that could only afford oatmeal meat thought to be a delicacy. His mother gave him a moral foundation and assured him that everything was under God's plan. Reagan grew up in the fundamentalist faith of his mother. He grew up in a household that was dominated by adults, whereby he learned to hide his smiles and his true feelings. When he became president, he lacked real friends even though he would have numerous acquaintances.
Roosevelt experimented with new ideas from his very first day in the White House. He was consistent and was not afraid of anything even when he disappointed reformers by naming Joseph P.Kennedy to be the leader of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Brinkley 1904). The chairman of Democratic National Committee, Jim Farley, reminded Roosevelt of the crooked way that he had used to build his fortunes (Brinkley 1910). Following this incident, the President was unpersuaded and unfazed as he had his reasons for placing Kennedy to be in charge of the Wall Street. He was astonished when someone requested him to summarize his individual values. Hence, he affirmed that he was a Democrat and Christian. He was not reflective when his wife asked about religious guidance for their children. He told her that he had never thought of the situation and advised her not to think about such things. Reagan was a little more thoughtful. He held on the little truths and was committed to abandoning the priorities that put him close to Roosevelt. He represented an intellectual and spiritual crisis that was not wrenching compared to the Roosevelt's Polio bout.
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Roosevelt and Reagan served as governors of the largest states in the nation. They entered the White House at a period of great economic crisis. They both used the media to enlist communal support for their agenda. They knew that successful managers would be screenwriters and stage managers. Reagan was successful because he was an excellent communicator. It is apparent that he used the television to meet the needs of Special Interests Group and Congress while also seeking to frustrate the efforts to reduce the cost and size of the federal establishment. Roosevelt, like Reagan, raised concern on the nation through the force of the unquenchable optimism and personality.
Reagan made a shrewd declaration when he first entered the White House in which he declared judgment on the enemies he had made. Both Roosevelt and Reagan had genius moments of abusing their enemies. In the 1930s, Roosevelt plotted an idea that was against his dictators while Reagan had a vision that precariously balanced the nuclear destruction and the narrow window ledge (Palazzolo 282). Reagan operated big businesses while Roosevelt was in charge of excesses in the government. Each of these presidents knew little about the American people and defeated a predecessor who knew a great deal of the government's minutia. In March 1933, Justice Holmes mentioned that Herbert Hoover's successor would equate the old Brahman, a statement that was later fulfilled by Roosevelt (Brinkley 1911). Thus, the President was believed to possess a first-class temperament and second-class intellect.
Nobody would call Reagan or Roosevelt slaves to consistency, not even their greatest admirers. When Reagan entered the White House, he guaranteed a 25% cut in the federal expenditures and afterward considered the establishment of the bottom welfare state. Alternatively, Roosevelt gave a famous speech in Pittsburgh where he demanded a 25% cut in all the federal expenditures (Brinkley 1909). In the course of his speech, he denounced Hoover as a wastrel and a spendthrift and promised to remove the unnecessary government regulations and boards. Both presidents were noted to win the vote, rule, and run for reelection.
Would-be assassins would shot Roosevelt and Reagan. Their smiling exteriors exposed the steel for their graceful responses. In the dawn prior to his death, Reagan was more philosophical than before. He notified Mother Theresa and the New York's Terrence Cardinal Cook that the only time he had left belonged to God. Later, both died while resting. In 1981, Roosevelt went on a retreat in Warm Springs, Georgia, when he developed cerebral hemorrhage and died (Brinkley 1910). Reagan had been suffering from Alzheimer's disease for nine years. His health deteriorated, and on the morning of June 5, 2004, he died of pneumonia at his home.
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Despite the similarities between these two men mentioned above, they also had a significant difference based on their historical significance. It was noted that the U.S citizens were no longer proud when Roosevelt took the office. The President set programs which were sufficient for the country during that time. They were useful in providing relief, helping the people directly, and in reform, as well as recovery. The plans of Roosevelt were based on the Keynesian economics in which the government would earn money by spending them. During his presidency, those who needed jobs and money were given. Others received money to use in the marketplace leading to an increase in the demand for products. Businesses hired more workers and produced more products, a situation that enabled them to pay more money in taxes. The plans of Roosevelt prospered because he not only gave money to those who would take advantage of it but also those who would use the money as required by the government. During his first term, the rate of unemployment went down by 4%. As a result, he brought the country out of depression (Yergin and Joseph 227).
On the contrary, President Reagan faced criticisms from the people during his term. It is noted that the national debt increased to $4 trillion from $830 billion (Palazzolo 282). The biggest changes that Reagan made were reflected in the increase in military spending that was followed by a decline in the rate of expenditure created by Roosevelt and Johnson. The U.S demanded a strong military after the Second World War (Yergin and Joseph 255). Reagan knew the expectations of Americans and budgeted lots of money for defense and military to protect the nation. As a result, such spending increased the national debt, leading to an economic downfall, even though the country's security was safe. Therefore, people continued to criticize the huge amounts reserved for a strong military.
In conclusion, both presidents had numerous similarities that were based on their historical significance. Reagan admired the reign of Franklin Roosevelt and strived to follow his paths when he was elected. They were hard working and among the most excellent presidents the U.S has ever had. Their different experiences reflect the difference between the chairpersons. Roosevelt had been successful in his activities for the nation while the people criticized the Reagan administration for lacking appropriate plans.