Multiple daytime robberies have been reported to be rampant in City X. During previous years, more people have been recorded to report daytime robbery in most of city's neighborhoods. Dealing with this problem is, therefore, essential to help victims who feel threatened. Police officers have a duty to provide security services to citizens of City X. They also must continuously take report after report about robbery, which include reports about destruction of property, and burglaries. Malicious auto thefts have become the order of the day in most police stations of City X. Perpetrators of these actions, on the other hand, are freed since there is not enough evidence to put them to jail. Therefore, there is a need for creating an investigative plan to help in solving the robbery mystery in City X.
Strategic Investigative Steps
Analysis of robbery crime trends involves several steps (Greenberg, 2010). The following steps must be followed for the investigation to be successful:
- To review reports to ensure that crime scenes and offenses were documented accurately;
- To obtain a list of witnesses for re-interviews will help obtain clear statements and even new crime statements;
- Every robbery must have suspects. Therefore, it is important to broadcast a detailed description of suspects, which should be updated as more information becomes available;
- To note important features in the crime scene, for instance, points of entry, exit and flight as well as the use of force during entry or exit is necessary. Broken things like glasses are also helpful;
- Camera footages can also be re-visited to confirm if anyone from the crime scene were captured on video;
- The crime scene should be re-checked for blood or hair for DNA testing or fingerprints. The tools used during entry or exit are useful, thus must be re-checked;
- The analysis of different police agencies in the city must be reviewed to identify any form of similarity or trend;
- To synthesize the acquired data and organize it with regards to detail also helps in identifying robbery trends;
- To map crimes and check for any changes in terms of population or businesses that may influence the crime rate is vital;
- To determine if any more manpower is needed to implement the plan.
The world has greatly changed to a technological globe. Things are done quickly and simply with the invention of computers. Electronic devices are more sophisticated today, making technology an inseparable factor in most investigations. For instance, numerous laptops, cell phones, and vehicles can be GPS-tracked (Siegel, 2010). Technology is thus useful in property recovery, and in some instances it can lead an investigator straight to the suspect.
The police force has not been left behind as well since it has come from hand-written reports and manual investigations to using investigative programs. For example, NCIC and AFIS are databases maintained at law enforcement sites. These programs allow police officers to compare arrest records and fingerprints of citizens. They also help locate possible matches or suspects who have been released or arrested recently. Incidents reports at crime scenes can also be recorded by the police instead of writing them down. This is made possible by the use of technology like NIMBRS and Uniform Crime Report Data (Siegel, 2010). In cases of mapping, investigation can be simplified by utilizing Geographical Information Software (GIS), which allows to create complex mapping data during analysis. Blood samples found on crime scenes are also processed using various genetic mapping technologies to identify perpetrators of the robbery.
Analysis of Robbery Pattern
Robbery pattern analysis requires four major steps that include scanning, analyzing, response, and assessment, also known as SARA model (Peterson, 2005). Most law enforcement agencies use this model, and for many years it has proven to be quite effective. The model involves scanning, where the major problem is identified. In this instance, the problem scanned is daytime robbery in City X. It is the main reason for this strategic investigative plan. Analyzing this problem includes acquisition of all necessary data from reports, interviews, evidence from crime scene, and any possible source of information about the problem. Response, on the other hand, entails strategic plans that will help deal with the problem at hand. Finally, assessment will determine if the investigative plan is effective in solving the problem scanned.
Data Synthesis and Conclusion
Raw data acquired from crime scenes must be synthesized into understandable information. This enables investigators to obtain the details they are looking for easily. From the data collected at the crime scene, investigation proceeds to checking for any particulars of interest that may lead to catching a criminal. After synthesizing data, witnesses can be re-interviewed, and forensic evidence can be sought again to check for any important things that could have been left out. At this point, if available, camera footage can also be re-checked (Siegel, 2010). Since things change with time, it is likely that robbery trend must have changed over the years. Therefore, it is important to measure the rate of crime change by dividing robbery crime number in each year by population of that same year. Data synthesis of crime can also be performed by determining the level of robbery change over the past years, possibly taking the last five years. This is possible by subtracting initial data from the recent data and then dividing the difference by the initial data. Information obtained from this synthesis can, therefore, be saved in a database for future reference (Greenberg, 2010). Obtaining data in a way that it can be sorted by jurisdiction, location, robbery type, and time allows for easy separation and identification of data of interest.
From the synthesized data, an investigator is bound to conclude the possible cause of increased robbery in City X. The reasons for not catching the culprits can also be found in this data analysis. Therefore, during data synthesis and making conclusions, every aspect of collected data must be checked to come up with a satisfactory result.
This investigation requires the best units available to help execute the strategic plan. Investigative units must be several and different since we need entire possible workforce in this investigation. Some of the units relevant to this work include regular beat cops, investigative units, individual crime analysis units, patrol units, and forensic team (National Institute of Justice, 2007). Units will collaborate during the investigation and come up with a single report showing the expected outcome.
Equipment and Supplies
Several technological equipments are required to make the investigation smooth and fast. For instance, computers are needed to help feed and calculate the numbers to save time. Computer programs, like Microsoft Access, help in analyzing crimes. Crime mapping is essential, and it is only made possible with the help of GIS software. Archiving the processed data from the computer can be made possible by using database software like the goldmine (Peterson, 2005). This software is also vital in managing different records in the police database. For supplies, training is substantial since this technological equipment cannot be used by untrained staff.
Available funding for the investigative operation is quite limited. Therefore, there is a need for applying for grants and more funding. These grants can be provided by agencies concerned with justice, for instance, the cops hiring program and community policing development program, which provide funds for personnel training and purchase of equipment. Grants for equipment purchases can be provided by the justice association grant program, while transfer of federal surplus to local agencies can be done by the national institute of justice (National Institute of Justice, 2007).
Dealing with daytime robbery crime in City X requires cooperation of all necessary investigative units. After deciding on the necessary steps to be followed and making every unit aware of them, investigation should proceed smoothly. Technological assistance will make the investigation more successful, and hopefully positive results will be obtained at the end of the investigation. Strategic plan is meant to protect innocent citizens of City X from the hands of crime offenders.